Published By The

United States and Foreign Advertising and Collection Company of Utica, N.Y.

S. E. Lawrence: Secretary

Utica, N.Y., September 1885

Vol. IX, No. 1

Note: The names of the following debtors were listed in a collection agent newspaper. From the terms below it looks like the company sold the debts to other collection agents. None of the individuals listed had paid any money towards their debt. Although there were cities listed from all over New York State, Frankfort and West Winfield were the only specific locations where money was owed in Herkimer County listed in this issue.

These listings aren't being posted to embarrass descendants. That their names were publicly published over 120 years ago by creditors who claimed they couldn't collect is a public record. Perhaps some should have exercised a bit of financial restraint as they bought something they wanted or needed to buy right now and would worry about paying for it later. Others may have been laid off, been in poor health, or didn't make enough money and their resources were stretched to the limit trying to get by. Some probably were deadbeats, or persons who blew their paychecks in the pursuit of bad habits and frivolities. Still others may have contested a shoddily-made purchase or poor service and refused to pay, or simply had not been able to come up with timely payment and the vendor wouldn't work with them. All the same reasons as today. This unusual resource may be of use to descendants, as presence on the list might give insight into such questions as:

* was a particular individual still alive in 1885 and where did they reside
* why someone put a notice in the paper that they would not be responsible for another's debts
* why an individual or a family moved away
* why children were placed in an orphanage or sent to live with relatives in 1885
* why someone started going by another name
* did someone, such as a Civil War veteran or person injured in a factory accident, become ill or disabled and could no longer work
* was there a downturn in a local industry or hard times at a local employer putting people out of work

These are not insignificant amounts of money. I found an online converter for the relative value of the U.S. dollar between the years 1790 and 2005. Using the Consumer Price Index converter, $1.00 in 1885 was equivalent to $20.95 in buying power in 2005. The CPI converter, and other types of converters, will be helpful for examining household worth and declared value of personal estate and real estate in the censuses. For any year keep in mind the context - where the family was residing, depressions, recessions, etc. Using this CPI converter, a $300 Civil War bounty in 1863 would have the buying power of $4,815.00 in 2005, while the same bounty in 1864 would be comparable to $3,846.00.

"Showing the name, occupation and last known address of the Debtors; the amount of the claim; the amount paid; the rate of discount at which we sell the balance; the name and address of the Creditor.

The following claims have been received for collection or sale, and the Debtors notified at their last known address.

The whereabouts and circumstances of many of them are not known to the Creditors. Any information regarding them will be thankfully received, and any mistakes will be cheerfully corrected."

Casparius, D. D. Frankfort 15.36 George Windheim Utica
Dodge S. Frankfort 17.85 R. P. Randall Utica
Dollar, Mike Furnace Hollow 6.23 George Davis Utica
Groom, F. M. Frankfort 29.00 R. G. Hoerlein Utica
Harris, Mrs. Abbie Frankfort 3.78 E. L. Akehurst Utica
Jackson, James, stone mason Frankfort 19.54 DeWitt Palmer New Hartford
Oliver, E. W. Frankfort 20.62 H. L. Sweet Oriskany
Sheldon, Mrs. J. F. Frankfort 1.50 E. L. Akehurst Utica
Tisdale, N. A. Frankfort 2.97 D. G. Griffiths Utica
VanAllen, E. W. Frankfort 7.06 C. E. Sittig Utica
Walker, Sheridan Frankfort 4.01 Mrs. George Hughes Utica
Young, W. H., painterFrankfort 6.25 J. W. Church Utica
Young, W. H., painterFrankfort 3.60 Wm. Cone Utica
Young, W. H., painterFrankfort 5.60 John Squires New Hartford

Casler, William, carpenter Columbia 31.00 J. C. Folts West Winfield
Fullman, Benj. F., farmer North Brookfield 35.00 J. A. Maben Utica
Hendricks, Pat, mason West Winfield 1.75 H. H. Wilcox West Winfield
Hagerty, William, laborer Cedarville 2.29George Davis Utica
Luce, Ira Bridgewater 12.75 H. NIchols West Winfield
Manley, Patrick T., carpenter Utica 1.00 H. H. Wilcox West Winfield
Merrill, Mrs. M., lady North Litchfield 4.71 Ilion CitizenIlion
Montgomery, William, carpenter Winfield 3.26 H. Nichols West Winfield
McCarty, Andrew, saddler Utica 1.60 H. H. Wilcox West Winfield
Penney, Alva, farmer Bridgewater 12.45 M. M. Joslyn West Winfield
Sidney, Sherman, laborer Leonardsville 3.00 M. M. Joslyn West Winfield
Thomas, Edward, farmer Cassville 2.75 H. Nichols West Winfield
Wolcott, Jacob, gent Richfield Springs 2.50 H. Nichols West Winfield

IMPORTANT: The site coordinators thank you in advance for not emailing us with questions, but directing ALL requests for assistance and further information about persons and businesses mentioned to the historians at the local libraries and archives, or using one of the major search engines. We have no information at all about this newspaper.

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Created: 3/17/07
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